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What is this research study about?

This research will evaluate the effects of two different parenting interventions for young toddlers with behaviour difficulties. In particular, we will be looking at effects of the programs on child behaviours, parental well-being, and the parent-child relationship. We have previously found these programs to be extremely effective in this age group, but wish to test this in a formal research project.

Why should I help?

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of two parenting programs for young toddlers. All families will receive an intervention program that this research team believes will be effective. The researchers expect that all participants will benefit from the program, but this cannot be guaranteed. The information provided through your participation in this study will be used to assist with the well-being of other parents who may attend Karitane in the future.

To compensate you for your time and transport costs, you will be reimbursed $25 for completing the baseline assessment (2 appointments and 1 home visit), $25 for completing the post-waitlist or post-treatment assessment and $25 for completing the 4-month follow-up assessment. You will also receive a gift (toy or book) for your child at the completion of each assessment point.

Who can take part?

You are invited to take part in this study if you are a parent who has a child aged 14-24 months with disruptive behaviours and you and your child can attend sessions at the Karitane Toddler Clinic, Carramar (Sydney, NSW) or Camden, NSW.

Who is conducting this study?

The lead investigator for this study is Dr. Jane Kohlhoff from the University of New South Wales.

What will I be asked to do?

If you decide to take part in the research project, you and your child will be randomly allocated to either the ‘PCIT-T’ group, ‘COS-P’ group or the ‘wait-list’ group.

If you are allocated to the PCIT-T or the COS-P, you will start the program as soon as possible after your initial assessment sessions.

If you are allocated to the ‘wait-list control’ group, you will start the program after a 2- month wait. (Due to the demand at the Karitane Toddler Clinic, it is normal to have to wait around 2 months to commence the program).

If you are allocated to the ‘wait-list’ group you will be given the opportunity to receive either program after you finish the waiting period (you can choose).

If you decide to take part in the research project, you will be asked to attend 2-3 research appointments and some questionnaires prior to commencing the parenting program or waitlist.

Session 1 : In the first session you will attend the Karitane Toddler Clinic to complete a series of structured parent-child interaction tasks that will show how your toddler plays, copes when separated from you for brief periods, relates to an unfamiliar adult and copes with challenges. This session will take approximately 45 minutes to complete.

Session 2 : In the second session (which can be completed on the same day), also at the Karitane Toddler Clinic, your clinician will conduct a basic pre-treatment assessment with you. This session will take approximately 30 minutes to complete.

Session 3 : The third appointment will be in your home and will be for the research team to observe how your child behaves when at home (and how this changes after the treatment programs).

Questionnaires: You will also be asked to complete some questionnaires, which will take approximately 30 minutes to complete. You will be able to choose whether you complete these questionnaires online or in pen-and-paper format.

If your child shows signs of developmental issues based on a validated screening measure, the research team will also conduct some additional interview/observational assessment measures with you and your child to better understand your child’s needs. This assessment will be conducted by a clinician who has experience and expertise working with children with developmental issues, and who is fully trained in the assessment measures being used. You will be provided with a written summary of the results so that you can show this to other health professionals if you would like to.

If you are allocated to the PCIT-T or COS-P groups, you will repeat the assessment measures after completing the treatment program and then again 4-months later.

If you are allocated to the Waitlist group you will repeat these assessment measures after the 2-month waiting period.

Interviews: All participants in the PCIT-T and COS-P groups will be asked to take part in a post-treatment semi-structured interview about their experiences of parenting and their impressions of Karitane. This interview will last around 30 mins, and will take place at the 4-month follow-up and with an independent researcher (i.e. not your treating clinician). The interview can be conducted at the Karitane site, or by phone or internet video-link up (e.g., skype). You will be asked to give your permission for the interview to be audio-recorded so that the researchers can listen back to it later.

To compensate you for your time and transport costs, you will be reimbursed $25 for completing the baseline assessment (2 appointments and 1 home visit), $25 for completing the post-waitlist or post-treatment assessment and $25 for completing the 4-month follow-up assessment. You will also receive a gift (toy or book) for your child at the completion of each assessment point.

When and where?

The Karitane Toddler Clinic, located at either Carramar (Sydney, NSW) or Camden, NSW.

To find out more about the study and register to participate please contact either Dr Jane Kohlhoff or Ms Sue Morgan

Please feel free to forward this information to others who might also be interested in participating.

Phone us to discuss how we can help you.

Call 1800 277 328

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